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weight reduction. Obese patients without
manifest diabetes could possibly even
avoid those drugs. Obese patients
without insulin resistance could prevent
A powerful herbal: Purslane
Green leafy vegetables also have
anti-diabetic activity. Of special interest is
the plant purslane or Portulaca oleracea.
In the Middle East and Europe purslane
is used either raw in salad or cooked as
a vegetable dish. There are also records
that it was used medicinally in Crete and
Greece, either as a vegetable, but also as a
tea for sore throat and earache. It was also
recommended for pregnant and lactating
women and for people with diabetes.8
Portulaca oleracea is particularly rich in
a variety of nutrients and biologically
active constituents. The major bioactive
compounds are beta-sitosterol,
beta-sitosterol-glucoside, N, N`-
dicyclohexylurea and allantoin. It also
contains cinnamic acids, ca eic acid,
malic acids and citric acids), alkaloids,
coumarins, avonoids, cardiac glycosides,
anthraquinone glycosides, alanine,
catechol, saponins and tannins. It is a
good source of nutrients such as calcium,
iron, phosphorous, manganese and
copper. Of all the leafy green vegetables,
purslane has the highest concentration
of omega-3 acids.9 Varieties of purslane
grow wild in Australia.
Animal studies have shown Portulaca
oleracea has anti-diabetic activity.10
Scienti c and traditional evidence
supports the idea that a component
or components of purslane assist in
the transport of blood glucose into the
cells.11 Clinical studies have investigated
using extracts of purslane to treat the
complications of diabetes. A pilot study
conducted in 2005 showed that purslane
was bene cial in the regulation of blood
glucose in prediabetic people. In 2006
a trial in 63 Type 2 diabetic patients
aged 30--75 years showed that Portulaca
oleracea administration (3 x 60 mg/
day) signi cantly reduced glycosylated
haemoglobin (HbA1C) levels.12
1. Sapolsky R. Why zebras don't get ulcers: An updated guide to
stress, stress-related diseases and coping. Freeman; 1998.
2. Olden K, White SL. Health-related disparities: influence of
environmental factors. Med Clin North Am. 2005. 89(4):721--38.
3. Lyla, Hernandez, Blazer (Eds). Genes, behaviour and the social
environment, moving beyond the nature/nurture debate.
National Academy of Sciences; 2006.
4. Bhatnagar D, et al. Coronary risk factors in people from the
Indian subcontinent living in west London and their siblings in
India. Lancet. 1995. 345(8947):405--9.
5. Drewnowski A. Fat and sugar: an economic analysis. J Nutr.
6. Riddle MC. Glycemic management of type 2 diabetes: an
emerging strategy with oral agents, insulins, and combinations.
Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 2005. 34(1):77--98.
7. Mueller M, Jungbauer A. Culinary plants, herbs and spices -- A
rich source of PPAR[gamma] ligands. Food Chemistry.
8. Simopoulos AP. The Mediterranean Diets: What is so special
about the diet of Greece? The scientific evidence. J Nutr. 2001.
9. Asis R, Mayadeh Shaed AH. Investigation of the active
constituents of Portulaca Oleracea growing in Jordan. Pak J
Pharm Sci. 2004. 17(1):37--45.
10. Shen. Effects of Portulaca Oleracea on insulin resistance
in rats with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Chinese J Med. 2003.
11. Al, KE. A review on Portulaca species -- with special reference to
Portulaca oleracea. Aust J Med Herbalism. 2000. 12(2).
12. EdithWolfson Medical Center. Efficacy and safety of Purslane
Herb Extract in type II diabetic patients: a double-blind,
placebo controlled clinical study. Unpublished data; 2006.
BUSINESS AND FINANCE NEWS
Sachets a MedicineWise
won an NPS National
for its innovative
that make life simpler
and safer for people
taking multiple prescription drugs
APHS Packaging's sachet solution has
helped reduce the risk of medication
mishaps, alleviated the burden of manual
packing on pharmacies and helped
patients taking multiple medications
maintain an active lifestyle.
The company's innovation was
recognised with the Excellence in
Labelling and Packaging Award at the
National Medicines Symposium in Sydney
in late May.
APHS Packaging CEO and pharmacist
Cathie Reid said APHS Packaging
medication sachets were a safer,
simpler and more portable alternative
to traditional dose administration aids
(DAAs), such as blister packs.
'The average Australian aged 65 and over
takes four or more medications a day,' Ms
Reid said. 'Many of these seniors are still
very active and tell us they don't want to
be stigmatised by taking a cumbersome
medication aid everywhere they go.
Our sachets are not only a safer packaging
option as our processes minimise the risk
of human error, but are more portable
and discreet than carrying around an
entire week's worth of medications in a
The business of pharmacy
After 12 years and still growing, Pharmacy
2012 -- the pharmacy management
conference continues to focus on the
business of pharmacy and how to
survive and thrive in changing and
The real bene ts to be gained from
attending a conference which is focussed
on the 'business of pharmacy' is derived
from three key aspects. The rst is the
access to new information that you
can take back to apply in your business
immediately. The second is having the
mind space to clearly assess the latest
products and services on o er from
your key suppliers and to speak to
the company representatives without
interruption. The third, which many
would say is the most important, is taking
the opportunity to network with peers
and fellow managers within community
pharmacy -- most of whom will be
confronted with the same issues.
Conference Chairman Jim Howard said,
'Regardless of our current performance,
we have to constantly monitor the
community pharmacy landscape and
prepare our businesses for what lies
ahead. Pharmacy is changing at such a
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