Home' Australian Pharmacist : Australian Pharmacist September 2015 Contents Australian Pharmacist September 2015 I ©Pharmaceutical Society of Australia Ltd.
To ensure continuity of care, quality
processes and risk management
strategies are instigated in healthcare
services. However, these measures
are more difficult to implement as
each organisation has dynamics that
dictate its operation. All rural health
care organisations are encouraged to
have a culture of safety that encourages
discussion of medication errors and
effective system-based solutions such as
online competency standards for staff on
topics such as medication administration
and errors, the introduction of
medication reconciliation forms and
performance feedback for the healthcare
team involved in patients’ care, could also
be employed to increase staff awareness
and potentially lead to reductions in
Finally, the current evidence supports
the use of a variety of medication safety
initiatives into healthcare services
to reduce medications errors in rural
areas. Strategies such as telemedicine,
expanding the role of pharmacists to
provide support to community care
settings and ensuring safety measures
are in place for continuity of care in
high risk healthcare settings such
as aged care and community care
settings, could have a beneficial impact
on medication error and increase
awareness of the healthcare team.
1. roughead l, semple s, rosenfeld e. literature review:
medication safety in australia. australian Commission on
safety and Quality in health Care (2013).
2. marcin, James p, et al. medication errors among acutely
ill and injured children treated in rural emergency
departments. annals of emergency medicine
3. Khalil h, leversha a. rural pharmacy workforce challenges:
a qualitative study. aust pharm 2010;29(3):256.
4. Khalil h. review of pharmacy services to rural communities.
aust pharm 2010;29(9):752.
5. Khalil h. a review of pharmacist recommendations in
an aged care facility. australian journal of primary health
6. budnitz ds, et al. medication use leading to emergency
department visits for adverse drug events in older adults.
annals of internal medicine 2007;147(11):755–65.
7. smith aC, et al. telemedicine and rural health care
applications. Journal of postgraduate medicine
8. Casey mm, et al. providing hospice care in rural areas:
challenges and strategies. american Journal of hospice and
palliative medicine 2005;22(5):363–8 .
9. tan aCw, et al. medication information transfer: an
explorator y study in a rural Queensland community. Journal
of pharmacy practice and research 2012;42(1):48–52.
Sleep apnoea guidelines
Guidelines aimed at promoting the
standardisation of sleep apnoea services
within pharmacies in Australia were
launched at PSA15.
The Practice guidelines for the provision
of sleep apnoea services within
pharmacy provide assistance to
pharmacists on professional issues and
obligations relating to pharmacy sleep
PSA National President Joe Demarte
said the guidelines were a result of PSA’s
ongoing recognition of the importance
of continuity of care within the
‘ These guidelines also promote policies
and protocols designed to ensure
effective channels of communication
and collaboration between healthcare
providers to ensure best possible
outcomes for the patient. They have
been developed in collaboration with
the Australasian Sleep Association with
whom we have a memorandum of
understanding to support pharmacist
education in sleep health and sleep
science,’ Mr Demarte said.
‘ This MOU established a framework for
commitment and cooperation between
the PSA and ASA to underpin this
education which has led to these very
Mr Demarte said that if left untreated,
moderate-to-severe sleep apnoea could
lead to health problems including
hypertension, cardiovascular disease,
strokes, diabetes, and depression.
‘In addition, untreated sleep apnoea,
in addition to being a health risk, is a
safety risk for many people including
long-distance drivers,’ he said.
‘Pharmacies are frequented by
consumers due to easy access and
convenience; and pharmacists and
pharmacy staff who are educated and
trained in this area are well placed to
provide sleep apnoea.’
UK funds pharmacists to
give flu jabs
UK pharmacists will be funded to deliver
an advanced service for flu vaccination
starting this month.
Funding for a national flu vaccination
service was announced in late July by
the Pharmaceutical Services Negotiating
Committee (PSNC) as part of england’s
2015–16 pharmacy funding settlement.
Pharmacists will receive £9.14
($A19.37) for every vaccination as
well as reimbursement for the cost
of the vaccine from NHS england’s
national flu budget. This will include
remuneration of £7.64 ($16.90) per dose
plus £1.50 ($2.47) to cover training and
waste disposal .
Under the service, any pharmacy with
a consulting room will be able to offer
vaccinations to the NHS ‘at-risk’ patient
groups over 18, including over-65s,
pregnant women and adults with
chronic conditions such as diabetes.
The scheme will replace any local flu
vaccination services commissioned
through NHS england area teams.
While the service has been
commissioned on an ‘ongoing basis’ it
will need to demonstrate it offers value
for money, according to the PSNC.
Pharmacists will still need to report
vaccinations to the patient’s GP
practice, as is the requirement for locally
Links Archive Australian Pharmacist August 2015 Australian Pharmacist October 2015 Navigation Previous Page Next Page