Home' Australian Pharmacist : Australian Pharmacist December 2014 Contents Australian Pharmacist December 2014 I © Pharmaceutical Society of Australia Ltd.
CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
1. Which of the following statements
about sunscreen and UV radiation is
a) Sunscreens may contain a combination
of ingredients to ensure greater
coverage against UVA and UVB
b) Sunscreen blocks UVC radiation
from the sun preventing skin cancer
c) Broad-spectrum sunscreens only offer
protection from UVB rays.
d) Sunscreen provides 100% protection
from UV radiation.
2. The sun protection factor (SPF) is a
sunscreen rating system. Which of
the following statements regarding
SPF is CORRECT?
a) SPF is mainly a measure of the
sunscreen’s ability to shield against UVB
b) When testing and rating sunscreens, a
thick smear is applied to the skin but
most people rarely apply this amount of
c) Applying a sunscreen with an SPF of
30 means that in theory it will take
300 minutes for the skin to burn,
but without sunscreen it will take 10
minutes for the skin to burn.
d) All of the above.
3. Which of the following statements
about nanoparticles is CORRECT?
a) Sunscreens containing nanoparticles
should not be used for children.
b) Current evidence suggests
nanoparticles in sunscreens are
considered safe in humans.
c) Use of nanoparticles in sunscreens
causes them to be thick and greasy.
d) Nanoparticles range in size between
100 and 300 nm.
4. To promote the regular use of
sunscreen, a pharmacist could:
a) Display the daily UV level in a clearly
visible area of the pharmacy.
b) Identify consumers who are most at
risk of skin damage from the sun e.g.
outdoor workers and children.
c) Provide training to all pharmacy staff
about sunscreen use.
d) All of the above.
5. Activities for a sun care health
promotion may include:
a) Demonstrating the proper application
and use of sunscreens.
b) Helping customers identify sunscreens
that suit their skin type.
c) Providing local outdoor workplaces with
samples of broad spectrum sunscreen.
d) All of the above.
focus on certain groups within your
community such as young children,
outdoor workers, sports people or older
people. Table 3 lists examples of activities
that could be staged in the pharmacy as
part of the health promotion with a focus
on sunscreen use.
The PSA ACTION kit, More than skin
deep, is a step-by-step resource for
pharmacists who are interested in
providing health promotion and
professional services focusing on skin
health. For more information, see: www.
KEY LEARNING POINTS
• Regular sunscreen use has been
proven to prevent the development of
premature ageing and skin cancer.
• Sunscreen does not provide 100%
protection against UV radiation
and should be used with other sun
protection measures such as avoiding
sun exposure during 10am to 4pm,
and wearing photoprotective clothing
and broad-brimmed hats.
• Pharmacists should encourage the
use of sunscreens for all consumers,
especially when the UV level is
above 3. Advise consumers to use a
broad-spectrum high SPF sunscreen
and to apply according to directions.
Remind consumers to re-apply
sunscreen as directed.
1. Cancer Council NSW. Sunscreen: Reducing your risk of
skin cancer fact sheet. At: www.cancercouncil.com.au/
2. Cancer Council Australia. How worried should we be
about nanoparticles in sunscreen. Blog post 2012. At:
3. Cancer Council Australia. Sun protection. 2014. At: www.
4. DermNet NZ. Sunscreen testing and classification. 2014. At:
5. Hanrahan JR. Sunscreens. Aust Prescr 2012;35:148–51. At:
6. Bureau of Meteorology. About the UV index. 2014. At:
7. Royal Australian College of General Practitioners. Guidelines
for preventive activities in general practice. 8th edn. East
Melbourne: Royal Australian College of General Practitioners;
2012. At: www.racgp.org.au/your-practice/guidelines/
8. DermNet NZ. Topical sunscreen agents. 2013. At: www.
9. Rossi S, ed. Australian medicines handbook. Adelaide:
Australian Medicines Handbook; 2014.
10. Horikoshi S, Serpone N. Microwaves in nanoparticle
synthesis: fundamentals and applications. 1st edn. Wiley-
11. James S, Feltis BN, de Jonge M, Sridhar M et al.
Quantification of ZnO nanoparticle uptake, distribution,
and dissolution within individual human macrophages.
ACS Nano 2013,7(12):10621–10635.
12. Melbourne Centre for Nanofabrication. Research into zinc
oxide nanoparticles allays sunscreen concerns. Newsletter
2013. At: http://nanomelbourne.com/news-march-2014-
13. Cancer Council Australia. SunSmart schools and early
childhood programs. 2014. At: www.cancer.org.au/
14. Cancer Council Australia. SPF50+ sunscreen. 2013. At:
15. Cancer Council Victoria. SunSmart. Risk factors – people
at higher risk of skin cancer. 2014. At: www.sunsmart.com.
16. Narayan-Ram M. Sun damage. Pharmacy Self Care. Facts
behind the fact card. November 2013.
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