Home' Australian Pharmacist : Australian Pharmacist December 2014 Contents Australian Pharmacist December 2014 I ©Pharmaceutical Society of Australia Ltd.
The big three of chronic
In 2011–12, more than one quarter (29%) of Australian adults had
cardiovascular disease, diabetes (CVD), or chronic kidney disease according
to a report from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW).
The report, Cardiovascular disease,
diabetes and chronic kidney disease:
Australian facts: Prevalence and incidence,
showed that of the 4.9 million Australian
adults (29%) with at least one of these
three diseases, 1.2 million (about 7%)
and 182,000 (about 1%) had two and
three of the diseases, respectively.
AIHW spokesperson Sushma Mathur
said: ‘These diseases often have similar
underlying causes and features, and
often share common risk factors, as
well as prevention, management and
The report showed that cardiovascular
disease and chronic kidney disease were
often reported in those with diabetes,
with over two-thirds (68%) of people
with diabetes having one or both of
‘Among people with chronic kidney
disease, about half (51%) also had
cardiovascular disease and/or diabetes,’
Ms Mathur said.
The likelihood of having more than one
condition increases with age, especially
when one of the conditions was
‘For example, 15% of people aged 65
and over had cardiovascular disease and
chronic kidney disease, while only 2%
of those aged 45–65 had both diseases,’
Ms Mathur said.
Individually, cardiovascular disease is
the most common of the three diseases,
with 22% (3.7 million) of Australian
adults reporting that they had one or
more cardiovascular diseases (including
hypertensive disease, heart disease,
stroke or heart failure). Blood test results
of around 5% of adults (917,000) showed
signs of diabetes, although of these, one
in five (or 1% of the adult population)
did not self-report having the condition.
This suggests that for every four adults
with diagnosed diabetes, there is
approximately one with undiagnosed or
Around 10% of adults (1.7 million)
showed signs of chronic kidney disease,
although only 1% of adults self-reported
having the disease.
‘ This reflects the fact that chronic
kidney disease remains a highly
under-diagnosed condition, largely
because by the time any symptoms
appear, around 90% of kidney function
can be lost,’ Ms Mathur said.
SHPA farewells Anne
The Society of Hospital Pharmacist of
Australia has (SHPA) farewelled Anne
Leversha as its inaugural National Rural
Adviser after 18 years in the role.
SHPA President Professor Michael
Dooley paid tribute to Anne at SHPA’s
Annual General Meeting in Melbourne
on 14 November. Professor Dooley
presenting her with a certificate
of appreciation he said: ‘Anne is a
wonderful role model for any health
professional because of her integrity,
commitment and tireless efforts to
improve patient care, her unwavering
commitment to patients in the rural
sector, and her conviction that the
quality of health care received by
patients in rural and remote areas
should be equivalent to that received by
their metropolitan counterparts.
‘All SHPA members, not just those in
rural areas, and the patients they care
for have benefited greatly from Anne’s
contribution and leadership,’ he said.
Anne has supported and educated rural
practitioners for more than 30 years in
many roles: as a pharmacist clinician
and manager in a rural hospital;
as an academic at a rural campus;
representing SHPA on Allied Health
Professions Australia Rural and Remote,
and Rural Pharmacists Australia; chairing
SHPA’s Rural Network; and as SHPA’s
Anne worked at the Latrobe Regional
Hospital in rural Victoria until mid-2013,
and was the Director of Pharmacy for
her last 11 years there. She is a Senior
Lecturer at Monash University in the
School of Rural Health, Faculty of
Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences
and the Centre for Medicine Use
and Safety, Faculty of Pharmacy and
SHPA also announced that Chris Turner
is the new SHPA National Rural Adviser.
Chris is the Director of Pharmacy at
Echuca Hospital, a rural hospital on the
border between Victoria and NSW.
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